A Study on Prevalence of Domestic Violence among Women in Servant's Quarters of a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India
Nitin Garg, Gagan Hans, Shakti K Gupta, Vikas H, Veena Pandey
Abuse, Addiction, Domestic violence
Citation Information :
Garg N, Hans G, Gupta SK, H V, Pandey V. A Study on Prevalence of Domestic Violence among Women in Servant's Quarters of a Tertiary Care Hospital in North India. Int J Res Foundation Hosp Healthc Adm 2018; 6 (2):57-62.
Introduction: Domestic violence (DV) is a major human right and public health problem which can have physical as well as mental health-related adverse effects.
Aim: To study the magnitude, type, and causes of domestic violence against women in the servant's quarters of a tertiary care hospital in North India.
Materials and methods: A questionnaire-based study was conducted in servant's quarters of AIIMS, New Delhi from March 2018 to September 2018 among women of 18 to 65 years. A questionnaire was specifically designed, validated and subsequently used for collecting data on domestic violence. It covered all the information regarding socio-demographic details of the participants as well as their experience with domestic violence. The data collected was then analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).
Results and discussion: In the study population it was found that 36.4% (75) women suffered from domestic violence, out of which 35.5% (71) were married, 4% (3) unmarried and 1.33% (1) widow with a mean age of 34 years. It was seen more among young age group, less educated females, early years of marriage, more number of family members living as a joint family and among females having spouses with alcohol addiction. The most common type of abuse was emotional (psychological) followed by physical and economical. Majority of them responded that alcohol addiction and financial difficulties were primary reasons for violence happening more than once in a month in (57.3%). The most common consequence suffered by females was psychological followed by 17.3% complaining of severe health effect. 33.4% of respondents took a corrective step of which only 4% showed improvement.
Conclusion: Domestic violence was found to be highly prevalent and alcohol emerged out be a major risk factor.
Kalokhe A, del Rio C, Dunkle K, Stephenson R, Metheny N, Paranjape A, et al. Domestic violence against women in India: A systematic review of a decade of quantitative studies. Global public health. 2017 Apr 3;12(4):498-513.
Garcia LP, Freitas LRS, Höfelmann DA. Avaliação do impacto da Lei Maria da Penha sobre a mortalidade de mulheres por agressões no Brasil, 2001-2011. Epidemiol Serv Saude. 2013; 22(3):383-394.
Bandeira LM. Violência de gênero a construção de um campo teórico e de investigação. Rev Soc Estado. 2014;29(2):449-469.
Koenig MA, Lutalo T, Zhao F, Nalugoda F, Wabwire-Mangen F, Kiwanuka N, Wagman J, Serwadda D, Wawer M, Gray R, Bull World Health Organ. 2003;81(1):53-60.
Ekta Law Agency; The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005. Allahabad.
National family health survey 3, India, 2005-06. Goa, Mumbai: IIPS; 2009. International Institute of Population Sciences and Macro International.
Gundappa A, Rathod PB. Violence against Women in India: Preventive measures. Indian Streams Research Journal. 2012;2(4):1-4.
Pandey MK, Singh P, Yadav RA. Domestic Violence and Women's Health in India: Evidence from Health Survey. University Library of Munich, Germany. 2008. [Last cited on 2018 May 23].
United Nations Population Fund. A Practical Approach to Gender-based Violence. UNFPA.
George J, Nair D, Premkumar NR, Saravanan N, Chinnakali P, Roy G. The prevalence of domestic violence and its associated factors among married women in a rural area of Puducherry, South India, J Family Med Prim Care. 2016 Jul-Sep; 5(3):672-676.
Babu BV, Kar SK. Domestic violence against women in eastern India: a population-based study on prevalence and related issues. BMC Public Health. 2009 Dec;9(1):129.
Shrivastava PS, Shrivastava SR. A Study of Spousal Domestic Violence in an Urban Slum of Mumbai. Int J Prev Med. 2013 Jan; 4(1):27-32.
WHO. Global and regional estimates of violence against women: Prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence.; 2013
Kaur S, Patidar AB, Sharma S. Domestic violence and its contributory factors among married women in selected slums of Ludhiana, Punjab. Nurs Midwifery Res J. 2014;10:30-35.
Kamat U, Ferreira AM, Motghare DD, Kamat N, Pinto NR. A cross-sectional study of physical spousal violence against women in Goa. Healthline. 2010;1:34-40.
Fahmy HH, Abd El-Rahman SI. Determinants and health consequences of domestic violence among women in reproductive age at zagazig district, Egypt. J Egypt Public Health Assoc. 2008;83(1-2):87-106.
Mohammadi F, Mirzaie R. The investigation of social factors affecting violence against women, case study in Ravansar city. Social Studies of Iran Journal. 2012;6(1):101-103.
Fernandez M. Domestic violence by extended family members in India: Interplay of gender and generation. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 1997;12(3):433-455.
Lucena KD, Vianna RP, Nascimento JA, Campos HF, Oliveira EC. Association between domestic violence and women's quality of life. Revista latino-americana de enfermagem. 2017;25.
International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Macro International. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India, 2005-2006: Tamil Nadu. Mumbai: International Institute for Population Sciences; 2008.
Ray K, Chakraborty M, Roy H, Gupta S. Violence against women: Evidence from a cross sectional study in urban area of North Bengal. Al Ameen J Med Sci. 2012;5:157-164.
Kitzmann KM, Gaylord NK, Holt AR, Kenny ED. Child witnesses to domestic violence: a meta-analytic review. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. 2003 Apr;71(2):339-352.
Klap R, Tang L, Wells K, Starks SL, Rodriguez M. Screening for domestic violence among adult women in the United States. J Gen Intern Med. 2007 May 1;22(5):579-584.
Adjah ES, Agbemafle I. Determinants of domestic violence against women in Ghana. BMC public health. 2016 Dec;16(1):368.
Koenig MA, Stephenson R, Ahmed S, Jejeebhoy SJ, Campbell J. Individual and contextual determinants of domestic violence in North India. J Am J Public Health. 2006 Jan;96(1):132-138.
Dalal K, Rahman F, Jansson B. Wife abuse in rural Bangladesh. J Biosoc Sci. 2005 Jul;61(2):343-264.
Gage A. Women's experience of intimate partner violence in Haiti. J Soc Sci Med. 2005 Jul; 61(2):343-364.
Sinha A, Mallik S, Sanyal D, Dasgupta S, Pal D, Mukherjee A. Domestic violence among ever married women of reproductive age group in a slum area of Kolkata. Indian J Public Health. 2012 Jan-Mar;56(1):31-36.
White HR, Chen PH. Problem drinking and intimate partner violence. J Stud Alcohol. 2002 Mar;63(2):205-214.
Gil-González D, Vives-Cases C, Alvarez-Dardet C, Latour- Pérez. Alcohol and intimate partner violence: do we have enough information to act? J Eur J Public Health. 2006 Jun; 16(3):279-285.
Shah SH, Rajani K, Kataria L, Trivedi A, Patel S, Mehta K. Perception and prevalence of domestic violence in the study population. Industrial psychiatry journal. 2012 Jul;21(2):137-143.
Abramsky T, Watts CH, Garcia-Moreno C, Devries K, Kiss L, Ellsberg M, et al. What factors are associated with recent intimate partner violence? Findings from the WHO multicountry study on women's health and domestic violence. Public Health. 2011 Feb 16;11(1):109.
Vameghi R, Akbari SA, Majd HA, Sajedi F, Sajjadi H. The comparison of socioeconomic status, perceived social support and mental status in women of reproductive age experiencing and not experiencing domestic violence in Iran. Journal of injury and violence research. 2018 Jan;10(1):35-44.
Gillum TL, Sullivan CM, Bybee DI. The importance of spirituality in the lives of domestic violence survivors. Violence against women. 2006 Mar; 12(3):240-250.