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VOLUME 3 , ISSUE 2 ( July-December, 2015 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Incidence Rates of Healthcare-associated Infections in Hospitals: A Multicenter, Pooled Patient Data Analysis in India

Murali Chakravarthy, Sharmila Sengupta, Sanjeev Singh, Neeta Munshi, Tency Jose, Vatsal Chhaya

Citation Information : Chakravarthy M, Sengupta S, Singh S, Munshi N, Jose T, Chhaya V. Incidence Rates of Healthcare-associated Infections in Hospitals: A Multicenter, Pooled Patient Data Analysis in India. Int J Res Foundation Hosp Healthc Adm 2015; 3 (2):86-90.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10035-1042

Published Online: 00-12-2015

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to collect the multicenter data of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) to assess the infection control scenario in India in context with CDC/NHSN and INICC database.

Materials and methods

Four National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Health Care Providers (NABH) accredited hospitals were selected on random basis and raw data on healthcare-associated infections—number of days and number of infections in all intensive care patients was obtained as per the CDC-NHSN definitions and formula. Three major device related infections were considered for analysis based on the prevalence of HAIs and discussions with subject matter experts. All nodal champions from each hospital were trained and common data collection sheet for surveillance in accordance to CDC-NHSN was formed. The pooled means for HAI rates and average of the pooled means for all were calculated using data from four hospitals and were compared with CDC/NHSN and international nosocomial infection control consortium (INICC) percentiles of HAIs rates.

Results

The Indian pooled mean HAI rates for all infections were above CDC/NHSN percentile threshold but below INICC percentile. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) was considered as matter of prime concern, crossing P90 line of CDC/NHSN threshold. However, no HAI rate was in limit of P25.

Conclusion

Indian HAI rates were higher when mapped with CDC threshold. This promotes the need for more standardized and evidence-based protocols been adhered to so as to bring HAI within CDC/NHSN thresholds. However, the four hospitals have better HAI rates as compared to pooled INICC database.

How to cite this article

Singh S, Chakravarthy M, Sengupta S, Munshi N, Jose T, Chhaya V. Incidence Rates of Healthcareassociated Infections in Hospitals: A Multicenter, Pooled Patient Data Analysis in India. Int J Res Foundation Hosp Healthc Adm 2015;3(2):86-90.


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